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2018 | 356 | 57-77

Article title

Konwergencja finansowa w krajach europejskich – wnioski dla polityki pieniężnej i makroostrożnościowej


Title variants

Financial convergence in the European countries – conclusions for monetary and macroprudential policies

Languages of publication



Celem artykułu była analiza synchronizacji cykli finansowych w krajach europejskich i ocena możliwości zidentyfikowania jednego europejskiego cyklu finansowego. Zastosowana metoda badawcza opiera się na wskaźniku synchronizacji Hardinga i Pagana [2002]. Ponadto, aby móc określić zasadność identyfikacji europejskiego cyklu finansowego, w niniejszym artykule zastosowano metodę umożliwiającą segregację najbardziej zbliżonych do siebie cykli finansowych w klastry. Wyniki sugerują, że zmiany poziomu synchronizacji cykli obserwuje się w okresie dwóch głównych wydarzeń, tj. powstania strefy euro oraz kryzysu subprime. Zidentyfikowano również wspólny cykl finansowy kształtowany przez 14 z 20 badanych krajów europejskich. Jednak analiza głównych składowych wykazała, że cykl ten w niewystarczający sposób wyjaśnia zmienność cykli finansowych poszczególnych krajów europejskich i jego przebieg jest istotnie różny od cyklu finansowego największej gospodarki UE, tj. Niemiec. Zatem ograniczona synchronizacja cykli finansowych: (1) uzasadnia konieczność pozostawienia pewnego zakresu autonomii krajowym organom makroostrożnościowym oraz (2) oznacza różny stopień procykliczności polityki pieniężnej względem cyklu finansowego w krajach strefy euro.
The goal of the article was to analyze the synchronization of financial cycles in European countries and to assess the possibility of identifying one European financial cycle. The research method applied here is based on the Harding and Pagan (2002) concordance index. In order to identify a European financial cycle, the article uses a method that allows the segregation of the most closely related financial cycles into clusters. The results suggest that changes in the level of cycle synchronization are observed during the two main events, i.e., the creation of the Eurozone and the subprime crisis. A joint financial cycle shaped by 14 out of 20 surveyed European countries was also identified; however, the analysis of the main components showed that this cycle insufficiently explains the volatility of the financial cycles of individual European countries and its course is significantly different from the financial cycle of the largest EU economy, i.e. Germany. Thus, the limited synchronization of the financial cycles: (1) justifies the necessity of leaving some scope of autonomy to the national macroprudential authorities and (2) reveals a different degree of procyclicality of the monetary policy with respect to the financial cycle in eurozone countries.






Physical description


  • Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie. Instytut Finansów
  • Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie. Instytut Finansów


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