Etyka aautentyczności jako postulowany styl życia (glossa o krytyce etycznej Stanisława Barańczaka)
THE ETHICS OF AUTHENTICITY AS A POSTULATED LIFESTYLE (GLOSSA ON ETHICAL CRITIQUE BY STANISŁAW BARAŃCZAK)
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The theoretical stratum of this sketch deals with the relative autonomy of the literary work. This feature consists of the fact that literary texts are not only language-oriented but also wish to speak about the world around us. The thematic stratum is concerned with questions that proved to be significant for representatives of the so-called Generation ’68. The attitude of the representatives of the New Wave appears to pertain to issues associated with poetics and various ways of thinking about literature (poetry). It became obvious, however, that the controversy concerning the character of literature is not a problem resolved simply by those who write poems but goes much further. It relates, above all, to questions concerning our nature, objectives and definitions of the world of values. Responses to such questions delineated fundamentally the lifestyle of the citizens of People’s Poland: should society support so-called small stabilisation by ignoring the mechanisms of the state and socio-political reality or, as the existentialists would say, the unauthentic lifestyle? Or, on the contrary, should people desire an authentic life, a life immersed in truth? Questions of this sort occupy central place in the literary critique of Stanisław Barańczak (predominantly, his two volumes of essays: Nieufni i zadufani and Etyka i poetyka).
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