The ninth bishop of České Budějovice, Josef Hlouch, undoubtedly ranks among the most renowned personalities of both the spiritual and religious life of the South Bohemian region. We commemorate the 110th jubilee of his birth and the 40th jubilee of his death in 2012. This year has been declared ‘the year of Bishop Hlouch’ by the South Bohemian diocese. What do we already know about Bishop Hlouch and what don’t we? Thus far, two concise monographs, a few brief entries in encyclopedias, several studies, memoirs, popular articles and both television and radio programmes has been created. It is apparent, however, that a number of events from his life are still hidden in archive documents. This study therefore aims at both summarizing the existing results of research on the life and work of Bishop Josef Hlouch and suggesting resources for further possible research on his life.