PRÍSPEVOK K TERMÍNOM SILIKÁTOVÝCH MATERIÁLOV POUŽÍVANÝCH V DISKUSIÁCH O PROBLEMATIKE HISTORICKÝCH SKIEL
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Contribution to the terminology of silica materials used in discussion on the historical glasses
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The article aims to be help through interdisciplinary explication along the way of creation of the professional terms indicating historical silica materials in the context of research of the historical glasses in the Slovak and the Czech scientific literature. The authors of this article have created a classification of the materials according to presence or absence of a glass phase and according to the implemented technology in manufacturing the historical items. This way created basic system has outlined six groups of stuff illustrated with samples from archaeological finds mainly from the Slovak and the Czech republics dated to 2200 B.C.-13th century A.D. Also they have précised the specific interdisciplinary terms of glass-crystal stuff made during the glass and ceramic processes and also the names of the materials of the historical glass with corrosion. Beyond the unification of professional terminology this article follows the aim to draw attention to important meaning of the research of the glass-crystal substances for the deepening of the knowledge of the history of development of the technology of production of silica materials. This technology has led to a specialisation of the technology known today as a traditional glass or traditional ceramic production. The article is addressed towards a need of the basic research on historical glass in Slovakia, where the absence of professional literature in native language is evident.
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