The contemporary interpretation of Plato’s thought is grounded in its ethical dimension, whereas the aesthetic dimension is regarded as either reducible to ethics or inaccessible. The presentation of Plato’s philosophy in ethical, political and educational categories concentrates on the sphere of logos and neglects the sphere of mythos, which – even when taken into consideration – is treated exclusively as a paradigm of formal and logical thinking. In this way the most important aspect in this philosophy is distorted – the primal unity of objective and subjective aspects of cognition. The introduction of the category of philosophy and the category of music makes it possible to achieve a well balanced relationship between Good and Beauty when examining the dialogues. Restoring the aesthetic dimension of music allows for a more accurate interpretation of Plato’s philosophy and opens up a possibility of a new look at a very important type of cognition, deeply rooted in the spiritual basis of the European culture.