This paper is devoted to the film music of the Slovak composer Šimon Jurovský (1912– 1963), in the context of the film music composed in Slovakia from the 1940s to the 1960s. A closer analysis is made of selected films, in which Jurovský used musical elements taken from the folk milieu: Varúj! (1947), Pole neorané (1953), Žena z vrchov (1955), Posledná bosorka (1957), Zemianska česť (1957). The musical analysis addresses the treatment of folk songs and the use of musical means which introduced a folk idiom into film music. Attention is drawn to the connections of music with image and the characterisation of individual characters using folklore elements (musical motifs, songs, musical instruments).