COPING STRATEGIES AND POST-TRAUMATIC GROWTH IN PARAMEDICS: MODERATING EFFECT OF SPECIFIC SELF-EFFICACY AND POSITIVE/NEGATIVE AFFECTIVITY
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The aim of the study was to identify relations between coping strategies applied in a situation of confrontation with stressful situation and post-traumatic growth (PTG) in the group of paramedics, and to analyse moderating effects of specific self-efficacy and affectivity. Sample: 62 paramedics, between age 21-53 (M = 35.91, SD = 8.97). Methods: Posttraumatic Growth Inventory PTGI (Tedeschi & Calhoun, 1996); Multidimensional coping inventory, COPE (Carver, Scheier, & Weintraub, 1989); The General Self-Efficacy Scale, GSES (Jerusalem & Schwarzer, 1981); Positive and Negative Affect Scale, PANAS (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988). Results: Rate of the total PTG in the sample indicates the presence of PTG at the average. We found positive relations between coping strategies: active coping, planning, suppression of competing activities, restraint coping, seeking social support – instrumental, use of emotional social support, religious coping, focus on and venting of emotions, behavioural disengagement, substance abuse (smoking) and PTG; we identified moderation effects of self-efficacy and positive affectivity on the relation between coping and PTG.
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