SARMATIAN BURIALS WITH ROMAN IMPORTS FROM WALLACHIA
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Starting with the end of the 1st c. AD, the arrival of the Sarmatian communities in Wallachia (the area between the Danube River and the Carpathian Mountains, bounded on the west by the Olt River) and Moldavia (denomination that designates in this study the territory between the Prut River and the Carpathian Mountains) is archaeologically attested. Sarmatian graves in Wallachia are dated to three stages, which represent as many moments of settlement of these communities in Wallachia: the late 1st c. AD and the first half of the 2nd c. AD; the late 2nd c. and the first half of the 3rd c. AD; the late 3rd c. AD. From a total of around 270 Sarmatian graves in Wallachia, Roman imports were discovered in 71 of them. The purpose of this discussion is not so much the typological analysis of the Roman items, but rather the characteristics of the ritual and funerary inventory of the graves in which such items were deposited: territorial distribution, grave layout, corpse deposition, age and sex of the deceased, grave goods. Based on the typology of the Roman objects, the hypothesis of trade is the most appropriate explanation for the way the Roman products reached Sarmatian communities from Wallachia. The conclusion is that the Sarmatian burials with Roman grave goods do not have particular features regarding the layout of the grave, the funerary ritual or the treatment of the inventory deposited compared to the rest of the graves in which no items produced on the Roman territory were found. Although, in some cases, the items from the Roman Empire can be counted among the status symbols used in the funerary ritual, it is nevertheless notable that they do not play this role in themselves, but in association with other features of the layout of the graves or the inventory.
297 – 333
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