Józefa Tischnera filozofia ludzkiej nadziei
Joseph Tischner’s philosophy of human hope
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From the author’s point of view, Fr. Joseph Tischner is considered Polish creator of the philosophy of drama, which heart is seen in the agathology, i.e. the doctrine or science of the good. However, the period of axiological and agathological creativity of the philosopher from Cracow would not be fully legible without the issue of the hope. An important in its meaning is the fact that his first book is devoted to the hope. Also Tischner’s recent texts testify how important for his religious thinking was the problem of the hope. There was a time, when he was described as a philosopher of the hope. As in Marcel’s, also Tischner’s teaching on the hope is preceded by an ordeal, which is accompanied by uncertainty, anxiety, ungrounded fear, or even, a temptation of desperation. Thus, the hope is a natural reaction to these human states and experiences. It is a strength to undertake the effort, it is a promise: “One need to say that man is stronger than desperation”. It is easy to notice that Tischner places the hope in a world of values. In this period of his philosophy, which we called “axiological”, the experience of valuewill always decide on the value. In the context of the search for the truth about man, Tischner points out the basis of the hope. Does it mean that the hope is the only way of the efficient concern about self and is to be regarded as another kind of human egoism? According to Tischner, this first aspect of the hope, bounded up with the existence of axiological «Ego», it does not have to lead to an inevitable decline into egoism, personal benefit and final evil unless we deal with the «Ego» axiologically, in the light of the most fundamental dimension of the hope, i.e. religious dimension.
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