“RAME DI POLLANA“. SPIŠSKO-GEMERSKÁ MEĎ VO FLÁMSKU A V BENÁTKACH V PRVEJ TRETINE 14. STOROČIA
“Rame di Pollana”. Spiš-Gemer copper in Flanders and Venice in the first third of the 14th century
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Exporting of copper from eastern Slovakia through Poland and the Hansa ports on the Baltic coast to Flanders is documented from the 1320s and 1330s at a time when convoys of galleys operated between Venice and Flanders. As a result of its transit through Poland, it was called “Polish copper” (Rame di Pollana). It represented one of the important types of copper on the market at Bruges, from where it was transported in the form of rectangular plates to Venice. According to documents preserved in Venice from the papers of the copper merchant N. Paolini, he sold 108 centnars (= c. 5.15 tonnes) of Rame di Pollana in 1324. In the Venetian foundries, it is mentioned in 1334 as one of the five basic types imported to the city. These records show that this trade was profitable in spite of the long voyage around Europe.
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