MIESTO MEDZINÁRODNÝCH ORGANIZÁCIÍ V KODIFIKÁCII MEDZINÁRODNÉHO PRÁVA
Position of international organizations within the codification of international law
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During the 70s and 80s of the last century a few new items of the codification´s agenda of International Law Commission (ILC) concerning the international intergovernmental organizations (IGO) have appeared. Heretofore results the ILC work confirm the analysis of this new item from three angles. The main goal of the first was to prepare the set of uniform rules for regulation certain common activities of IGOs regardless of their legal and factual specificities. Similarily as in the agenda concerning states a different level of codification and/or progressive development of international may be identified depending on the „ripeness“ of concrete topic for the purpose of codification.The final results of the ILC work represent four international treaties and one Draft of articles. As regards as international treaties it should be noted Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties 1969, Vienna Convention on the Representation of States in their Relations with International Organizations of Universal charater of 1975, Vienna Convention on the Succession of States with respect of Treaties 1978, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations of between International Organizations of 1986 and finally Draft Articles on the Responsibility of International Organizations of 2011.Excepting Vienna Convention of 1975 the Commision has dealt with similar problems namely whether a to what extent the rules of IGOs should have the priority over the codified rules prepared by ILC. Concrete articles of treaties and/or draft articles solve this question regarding the specifities of each concrete topic. As regards as second aspect of ILC work it evaluated the impact of different „external“ factors on the IGOs selected acts and/or activities. The relevent results are presented by the Draft Articles on the Effect of Armed Conflict on Treaties 2011 and Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons including Diplomatic Agents of 1973.
373 – 385
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