New political parties can be important holders of change or representatives of poorly accented social or political problems. The success of such groups may lead to more or less fundamental transformation of the entire party system. The aim of this study is to focus on two successful new entities, which recorded a breakthrough in elections to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic in 2013: a Movement ANO 2011 and the Dawn of Direct Democracy. The goal is to analyse these players through the agency of Sikks‘ concept of newness. The novelty shall therefore not be considered merely from a strictly chronological point of view, but from a broader perspective and incorporates more detailed analytical criteria targeting particular ideological profiles programmatically examined groupings and also the key role of leaders. Movements ANO and Dawn sharply delimited against current establishment. They posed as a clear alternative to the traditional political parties. Each of these analysed movements has chosen programmatically a different path for this purpose.