Violence against women as an extreme form of discrimination is one the most serious form of violation of the human rights of women. The CEDAW Committee may consider individual communications alleging violations of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women by States parties to the Optional Protocol. The paper focuses on three selected examples of individual complaints. One of them is the first merit decision of the Committee on the basis of the Optional Protocol. The second is the case in which a State party has for the first time recognized the binding nature of the decisions and recommendations of the Committee. The last one is the first Committee decision concerning Slovakia.