The matter of considering popular music as a phenomenon that in the 20th century, along with the penetration of mass-media and recording into music, has caused a complete change in listening habits. Together with innovations in compositional techniques, or better approaches to music production and performing practice, the possibilities of modifying sound, not only in connection to the author and performer but also to the listener, have arisen. A new type of listener as well as a new kind of listening demands scrutinization of issues connected to so-called adequate listening within adequate auditive situations. In the contribution the author, through historical connections, surveys developmental changes in listening. In parallel, the author also takes into account issues of professional and lay participation in musical communication through current tendencies objectified in the deliberations of music aestheticians, scholars as well as authors (composers, producers).