The article describes some of the problems connected with educating farmers at courses in agricultural farming. The courses were quite frequently held in the years 1918 – 1939. Some of them, such as breeding courses, were very popular. Course participants gained both practical and theoretical knowledge, confirming themselves in the conviction that modern and assiduous work may substantially contribute to the improvement of the Polish plant and animal production and, at the same time, the improvement of the rural population’s living conditions. Some of the courses organized in the inter-war period were: veterinary, egg-producing, milk-producing, agricultural cooperatives, wickerwork, orcharding and meadow-farming courses.