MUSIC AND MUSICIANS AT THE PRESSBURG CORONATION OF MARIA THERESIA (1741)
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This study deals with the music performed and musicians present during Maria Teresia’s prolonged stay in Pressburg in 1741 in conjunction with her coronation as King of Hungary. The role that music and ceremony played during this pivotal junction in the history of the Habsburg monarchy are considered within the context of the War of the Austrian Succession and are contrasted with other coronations which took place in Pressburg, Prague and Frankfurt (predominantly in the 18th century). This article employs a diverse range of the manuscript and printed sources found in the Viennese Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv that provide an insight into matters of imperial court policy, ceremony and ﬁnance. Detailed descriptions of coronation ceremonies, with a particular focus on the number and placement of musicians, are provided and practicalities such as travel and accommodation are touched upon. The royal party’s activities – in particular church services and celebrations involving music – in the Viennese “suburb” are also outlined in detail in the form of a calendar of events. In addition, numerous transcriptions of documents pertaining to music and ceremony are provided.
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