Radovan Lukavský (1919 – 2008), a prominent representative of Czech modern acting, understood the art of acting as a challenge in revealing an actor’s inner world and human characters. His intention was to elevate characters, to refine feelings and relationships, as well as mutual behaviour and action. It was this very mission of the art of acting he promoted during his tenure at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague and at the Prague State Conservatory. Being an educator, he would unceasingly declare his support for the legacy of Konstantin Sergeyevich Stanislavsky and make considerable efforts to defend the ideas of the Great Russian theatre professional from period debasement that infested Czech theatre in the early 1950s. The authoress provides an overview of the fundamental starting points of Radovan Lukavský’s pedagogical work, following up on the activities of Jiří Frejka, co-founder of the Academy of Performing Arts. These starting points are also contained in Lukavsky’s specialised publications and studies capturing the development of the forms and methods of acting in a given historical and theoretical context.