The tremendous changes that have taken place in Poland and in the People's Republic of China since 1989, provoked fundamental changes in their mutual relations. The both countries had to reshape their bilateral relations in the new period. One of the main new factors was the great contrast between the images of both countries presented by mass media. On the one hand there were democratic elections and peaceful transition of power in Poland, and on the other - tragic events in Peking and the repression of students' demonstrations. These events impressed much Polish public opinion and the politicians of the new period and resulted in certain clichés. Their presence had impact on political and economic co-operation with China. Trade relations were among the most affected areas, and this resulted in a huge trade deficit on the Polish side. This trade deficit became one of the major issues of concern in the bilateral relations. In the 1990's China did not consider Poland a "strategic partner" in Central Europe, although watched carefully her diplomatic activity, in particular towards the "Chinese issues". Several analysts indicate that the enlargement of the European Union may provide an opportunity for new developments in the Polish-Chinese relations and result in new dynamics.