DEPOT BRONZOVÝCH PREDMETOV Z HRADISKA LUŽICKEJ KULTÚRY NA SITNE
Bronze hoard from the Lusatian culture hill-fort in Sitno
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The study evaluates the bronze hoard, found in the cadastre of village Ilija, dist. Banská Štiavnica at the Lusatian culture hill-fort in Sitno. It was discovered during the excavation in 1986 under the floor of a dwelling in the trench I/86. It is a closed find that contained, in addition to the organic remains, a bronze belt with chased decoration, eight spiral bracelets, three twisted torcs, a spiral ring, hair trimmings, a pin, a leather belt closure with bronze patches, closed cast iron eyelets and with an application in the shape of a spectacle pendant, a sand-glass shape pendant and two fragments of torcs (?) ending with eyelets. The hoard is dated back to the turn of the stages HA 2/HB 1, most likely up to the stage HB 1. The study is divided into eight chapters. They include the history of the research, details about state of research at Sitno and archaeological context of the bronze hoard in the trench I/86, in depth 160 cm. The chapters dedicated to the results of the analyses of organic materials, preserved in the hoard, as well as paleobotanical results bring surprising findings, illustrating the technological processes of the production of the leather belt closure and the nature of the economic activity of the contemporary Sitno’s inhabitants, as well as the natural environment of the micro-region. The hill-fort at Sitno itself is presented as a centre of administrative, production, comercial and cultic centre of a supraregional character. The hill-fort’s inhabitants did not live in isolation, but kept extensive business contacts even with distant areas east and west. Evidence of these contacts is found in the pottery of the Čaka and Gáva cultures within the earlier stage of settlement, since the turn of the stages HA /HB a strong interference from the area of the Kyjatice culture is being noticed, as well as the influence of the Podolí culture.
237 – 277
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