K OTÁZKE VZŤAHU MÝTU A HISTÓRIE
On the relation between myth and history
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The paper deals with the relation of myth and history. This question belongs to the most discussed in the theoretical works about the historiography. The author tries to contribute to this subject by his own opinions and attitudes which he confronts with some experts, for example George Frazer, Bary Powell Edward Hallett Carr. However, he is the most oriented towards Claude Levi-Strauss who is together with Frazer, nicknamed as a ‘father of modern anthropology’. His work “Myth and Meaning “was a remarkable attempt to analyse the problem mentioned above; especially its fourth chapter ‘When myths will become history’. So how would be possible to answer the question:” Can myths become history? “ - positive or negative? According to Claude Levi-Strauss the answer is positive. The author of this paper has got a similar statement but he tries to find reasons why it is positive. The article makes theoretical analyses and shows that it depends on many factors such as an ideological profile of a historian, the methods he used, the goal of his historical text and other reasons. That is a wide question which needed a discussion. The author supports his opinions and statements by Slovak and Czech theorists, involved in the discussion. Moreover, his attitude is liberal he does not argue his conclusion must be the best one, and he considers it only as a contribution to the discussion.
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