ZROD SLOVENSKÉ ARMÁDY A STÁTNÍ OBČANSTVÍ
Birth of the Slovak Army and citizenship
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Following the declaration of state independence of Slovakia in March 1939, in the eyes of the emerging new state and political power, a number of the former Czechoslovak citizens became Slovak citizens overnight. The author documents how the question of citizenship was treated complexly in the military environment, which was struggling with lack of military staff, mainly at the command level. In the Slovak Army, there were Slovak citizens as well as foreigners serving, often unaware of their new citizenship, but also other soldiers whose citizenship could not be determined with certainty, since the current dominant position of the principle of home affiliation was no longer respected and the national aspect started to be considered, which was dominant towards the members of Czech nationality. The discriminatory measures were then clearly aimed against the Jewish ethnic group, even though most of them had become Slovak citizens.
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