The article is devoted to esoteric conception of the human body and its evolution. At the beginning of the 20th century, when occult philosophy was very popular in Europe, this theory won many followers who decided to change their diet radically. The popularity of vegetarianism was conducive to founding numerous vegetarian restaurants. Before Revolution in 1917, there were over 50 of them in Russia (in the big cities and health resorts mainly). The founders of the most popular of these places were advocates of Leo Tolstoy’s philosophy (Pavel Biriukov and Vladimir Chertkov in Moscov and Kiev), as well as Russian theosophists (Anna Kamenska in St. Petersbourg and Jekaterina Pisareva in Kaluga and Podborki). Vegetarianism inspired by esotericism was very popular among the Russian artists, which is reflected in the literature from the Silver Age.