Od azylu poprzez dom wariatow do domu wlasnego
FROM THE ASYLUM AND THE MADHOUSE TO ONE’S OWN HOME
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The author outlined assorted conceptions of “madness” across the ages, from antiquity to contemporary times. In dong so, she described attempts at a humanistic approach to the afflicted: the eighteenth-century ”moral healing” movement, derived from the Quaker ideology, the nineteenth-century asylum, i.e. the “great enclosure”, the first half of the twentieth century with Freud and his conception of psychoanalysis and the analytical treatment method. The period in the wake of World War II witnessed the creation of “therapeutic communities” envisaged as a method for curing mental illness. This conception became a point of departure for the reform of mental hospitals in the 1960s in Europe and the USA. The new experiment of the second half of the twentieth century was the emergence of “home treatment teams”, which appears to have been important for producing the present-day situation in which the epoch of the “asylum” - the psychiatric institution - will already become part of the past.
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