This article aims to reconstruct the meta-theoretical assumptions and problems related to phenomenological anthropology as construed by Adam Węgrzecki. To achieve this goal, his way of understanding phenomenology is first presented. In the course of the analysis, it is established that Węgrzecki was pursuing a realist version of descriptive-eidetic phenomenology. Next, his anthropological project is presented, highlighting such elements as its point of departure, the problem of anthropological facts, the role of scientific facts in anthropological research, and the question of how to “purify” the latter via the phenomenological method. The benefits of Węgrzecki’s conception of anthropology are outlined, and the need to develop this conception further is acknowledged, as it may be especially helpful in the context of a creative dialogue with the natural sciences, which now play an increasingly important role in philosophical-anthropological discourse.