LEXIKÁLNE PREVZATIA V SLOVENČINE Z JAZYKA JIDIŠ
Yiddish loan words in Slovak
Languages of publication
The article deals with the introduction of the terms “jidizmus” and “jidizmy” (as the words for Yiddish loan words in Slovak) into the lexicon of the Slovak language. As one hundred and fifty to two hundred words of Yiddish origin have been found during the research of all the levels of Slovak, and the Slovak language already has terms for loan words e. g. from German, Czech, Russian and even Hebrew and Arabic languages (compare Slovak words germanizmy, čechizmy, rusizmy, hebrejizmy, arabizmy), the author of the article has found the introduction of the term “jidizmy” convenient and fully legitimate. The specific examples of Yiddish loan words in Slovak will clarify the meaning of the specific words of Yiddish origin, as well as the circumstances of the borrowing process into the Slovak language. A special attention is devoted to the differences between the Hebrew and Yiddish loan words in Slovak.
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