EXTINCTION OF THE UKRAINIAN CULTURE OF THE POLISH-UKRAINIAN-SLOVAK BORDERLAND AND THE IMAGE OF THE “UKRAINIAN BANDERITE” IN POLISH AND CZECHOSLOVAK LITERATURE, JOURNALISM AND CINEMATOGRAPHY, MID-1940S–1980S
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The aim of this study is to outline the process of the extinction of Ukrainian culture in south-eastern Poland as a result of Polish resettlement actions and the activities of the Ukrainian underground movement (i.e., the Ukrainian Insurgent Army) in the post-war period (1944–1947). Concurrently, the study offers an analysis of the image of the “Ukrainian Banderite”, created by propaganda in Polish and Czechoslovak literature, journalism, and cinematography in the period from the mid-1940s to the end of the 1980s. The authors state that both in Poland and in Czechoslovakia the analysed topic has been subject to certain cyclical waves of interest, or current political demand or usefulness, but always according to an established and politically accepted template. The black-and-white reception of the issue, propaganda fictions, the concealment of facts, and the disproportionate highlighting of others, which were applied in the literary and film production of the real-socialist period, only distorted the historical objectivity of the issue and created a complicated stereotype in the collective memory.
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