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1999 | 64 | 333-346

Article title

Możliwości dostosowania złożonych wskaźników jakościowych szacowanych w Polsce (na podstawie badań ankietowych GUS) do standardów Unii Europejskiej



Title variants

Adaptability of Composite Qualitative Indicators Based on CSO Survey Data to EU Harmonized Standards

Languages of publication



The paper presents several composite indicators of business activity based on the CSO survey data for manufacturing, construction, and retail trade, developed according to EU concepts and standards. These include confidence indicators for individual sectors and various indices of business climate. The time series cover the period between 1992 or 1993 and 1998. Empirical analysis of time series, confronted with the reference index of industrial output, enabled the author to discriminate upward and downward phases of cyclical movement. Some of the composite indicators cannot be fully suited to EU concepts because of different input data. General condition of national economy can be estimated using the economic climate index based on the assessment of the current and future economic situation of enterprises in manufacturing and trade. The more comprehensive concept of economic sentiment indicator could not be compiled due to the lack of CSO survey data for households.






Physical description



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Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

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