This analysis touches upon the problem of profitability in production, which has been related to sheep production carried out in mountainous conditions. The profitability of three model farms, which focus on sheep production for three different technologies, has been both analyzed and evaluated. By conducting their production for three different technologies, these farms gain diverse level of and structure of their final production. It has been established that the discussed models of farms are adequate to both mountainous areas and Southern Poland. The first model represents a farm with 40 ewes and 2 cows. This farm covers the area of 11,5 ha of arable land aimed at the production of feedstuff for animals fed all year round. The production in this farms is based on lambs and the so-called oscypek (smoked ewe’s milk cheese made in the Tatra Mountains). In contrast, the second model describes a farm, which covers the area of 5,3 ha, with 40 ewes and 1 cow. In this farm light lambs are sold for cutting, whereas ewes are put out to pasture during the summer season. The third farm covers the area of 27,1 ha with 100 ewes and 150 heavy lambs. The results of economic evaluation of the presented models of sheep breeding in mountains show low profitability of production. Only the first farm, which sells light lambs and produces oscypek, shows positive agricultural income. Negative agricultural income is achieved by farms that either put their sheep out to pasture or produce heavy lambs. The structure as well as the size of transfers acquired from the CAP show that the agricultural income, increased by extra money, is positive. The third-farm model, which is the largest and takes advantage of various payment forms, generates the highest income.