Kulturogeneza jako twórczy rdzeń kultury : wkład Eduarda Markariana w kształtowaniu się koncepcji kulturogenezy
PROCESSES OF CULTURE-GENESIS AS A FORMATIVE CORE OF CULTURE CONTRIBUTION OF EDUARD MARKARIAN IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE THEORY OF CULTURE-GENESIS
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The author presents the output of Eduard Makarian, a Russian cultural anthropologist, featuring his contribution to the problem of origin of culture. The development of Makarian’s scientific research has been presented from the understanding of systemic character of culture to the research on the origin of culture; from reflecting upon the first principles of culture development to the concept of system evolution as anthropogenesis, social evolution and cultural evolution, to the understanding of the origin of culture as a creative core of culture (cultural heritage, dynamics of cultural traditions, “tradition”–“change” dichotomy, hypothesis of “cultural genes”, etc.). The scientist moved from the issue of the origin of culture in the prehistoric times through the issues of permanent creation and dialectic self-revival of culture to the problems of culture in contemporary world. His research was of key importance for the establishment of philosophical and cultural approach in the research of the origin of culture in Russia.
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