ON THE PROBLEM OF SACRED SPACE: SOLOMON´S TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM ANDTEMPLE-PALACE IN FENGCHU (CHINA) AROUND 1000 B.C. (A COMPARATIVE STUDY)
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The aim of this essay is to present a study about the problem of sacred space in comparing Solomon´s Temple in Jerusalem and the temple-palace in Fengchu (China) around 1000 B.C. and later, together with the situation in the Near Eastern countries, Sumer, Assyria, Canaan (Levant), their writings and concrete buildings. Sacred continua both in sacred space and partly also sacred time in Mesopotamia, Canaan, Judah, Israel, and China are studied here on the basis of available material between approximately 1000 B.C. up to about 450 B.C. The choice of the studied material was selected in order to see the differences between the understandings of the sacred space in the countries of Near East and in China in times when there were no relations between them. This essay points to the differences in the Chinese situation which was very different from that of Hebrew tradition. If sacred space and also sacred time was with the exception at the end of the Shang Dynasty in high esteem in the first up to about the first half of the 1st cent. B.C, and then a more secular approach was acknowledged, among the Hebrews the theocracy of God became to be absolute.
319 – 349
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