The article identifies certain elements of bohemianism, and its relevance to the development of the Prague art scene. It provides a brief outline of the artists’ movement in the 19th-century Prague and of its opposition to the local official art institutions. The development of bohemianism in the city was chiefly determined by the existence of a comparatively numerous community of local artists. Their manifestations of opposition corresponded with the overall frustration felt by this community, resulting from its awkward status on the fringe of society. Several reproductions of art works and related visual documents are supplemented, exemplifying certain radical gestures with which artists addressed the general public.