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2019 | 378 | 60-78

Article title

The role of the state and the market in the development of energy efficiency



Title variants

Państwo, rynek a wydajność energetyczna

Languages of publication



The article addresses the issue of shaping energy efficiency as an element of transformation to a low-carbon economy. The term – especially in time of economic downturn – is very important for government, sectors of economy as a whole, enterprises, and households. Last economic crisis of 2008-2010 was particularly important in the discussed area, due to the role of the public policy to increase energy efficiency. The aspects taken into consideration were not only the prices of energy carrier (crude oil), but also the need to cut down emission of carbon dioxide and to overcome the climate change. It is important to diagnose the role of the state and the market in implementation of energy efficiency practices. The study takes into account data, examples of regulations, funds on the level of the European Union and in Poland, and analysis of literature.
W artykule poruszono kwestię kształtowania efektywności energetycznej jako elementu tworzenia gospodarki niskoemisyjnej. Zagadnienie to jest istotne zarówno dla rządów państw, poszczególnych sektorów gospodarki, jak i przedsiębiorstw oraz gospodarstw domowych. Ostatni kryzys gospodarczy z lat 2008-2010 był istotny, biorąc pod uwagę omawiany temat, z uwagi na rolę polityki państwa w zwiększaniu efektywności energetycznej. Problematyczne były bowiem nie tylko ceny nośników energii (ropy naftowej), ale także konieczność ograniczenia emisji dwutlenku węgla w kontekście przezwyciężenia zmian klimatycznych. Celem opracowania jest zdiagnozowanie roli państwa i rynku w realizacji praktyk ukierunkowanych na zwiększenie efektywności energetycznej. W artykule uwzględniono dane, przykładowe regulacje, środki zadysponowane na poziomie Unii Europejskiej i w Polsce, oraz dokonano analizy literatury.






Physical description


  • Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie. Wydział Politologii. Katedra Ekonomii i Polityki Gospodarczej


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