The aim of the study is to newly reflect on the issue which has not been fully analysed within Moravian and Slovak historiography. Testimonies of the witnesses involved in border disputes over exact delineation of the borderline between Moravia and the Kingdom of Hungary in 16th – 18th centuries represent highly valuable material which has a potential of versatile interpretation. We focus on testimonies from a particular area of Vršatec, Lednica, Trenčín and Brumov manors using historical – anthropological approach. Despite the fact that we regard the witnesses as capable of providing credible information, the sources are critically analysed and compared to older publications on the topic. The study reflects on the problematic of specific border signs such as stone circles and their reflection in the testimonies, furthermore the most important aspects of the process of near-border agricultural colonization are described and examined.