PL EN


1998 | 60 | 7-30
Article title

Możliwości opisu stanu gospodarki na podstawie testów koniunktury

Content
Title variants
EN
Possibilities of describing economic situation based on business activity tests
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
In chapter 1, business activity tests, conducted by the IRG (Research Institute of Economic Development, Warsaw School of Economics) since 1986, have been described. Variables observed in individual projects have been presented with concentration on questionnaires used to analyze business activity in manufacturing and construction industries. Research tools used by the RIED werę compared with requirements of the European Union and EUROSTAT, and conchision has been reached that RIED business activity tests are consistent with harmonization requirements. As a result, it is possible to use data collected by the means of questionnaires for international comparisons. Business activity tests are a specific form of monitoring the current State of Polish economy. Regular observations of behavior of enterprises, repeated in monthly (industry) or quarterly (construction) cycles, allow to conclude what kond of behavior dominates among businesses. Getting acquainted with responses of enterprises is particularly important in the period of system transformation. It allows to analyze the rate of changes in various fields of economic activity and to adjust macroeconomic policy tools to phenomena taking place in the economy. Data collected as the result of business activity survey’s allow to analyze business activity as a business cycle. In particular, they make it possible to determine, with advance in comparison to data collected by traditional methods, the critical points of a cycle which point to changes in direction of economic activity. Thanks to that property, so-called early warning indicators are designed. Growing demand for information on real economy makes data collected as a result of business activity tests a valuable source of additional information. To use it, however, it is necessary to find research methods and tools which allow to predict trends on the basis of qualitative data. This study describes efforts to find these tools.
Year
Volume
60
Pages
7-30
Physical description
Contributors
References
  • [1] E. Adamowicz. Koniunktura w przemyśle. Polska. Business Survey. Poland, IRG SGH, nr 102-110.
  • [2] E. Adamowicz, M. Podgórska. Koniunktura w budownictwie. Business Activity in Construction Industry. IRG SGH, nr 1 - 13.
  • [3] M. Biec. Test koniunktury. Metody, techniki, doświadczenia. Prace i Materiały IRG SGH, 1996
  • [4] M. Bieć. Uwagi do opracowania Z. Matkowskiego n.t ankiety przemysłowej IRG. Prace i Materiały IRG SGH, t. 36, 1993 r.
  • [5] Business Tendency Surveys in Transition Economies. Methodological review and recommendation for harmonisation. OECD, Paryż 1996
  • [6] M. Corsi. Assessment of CEEC”s implemented surveys: harmonization of ąuestionnaires and technical design of surveys in industry, construction and retail trade. Workshop on short-term Economic Indicators in Transition Countries. Tallin 1994.
  • [7] M. Podgórska. Koniunktura w budownictwie. Business Activity in Construction Industry. IRG SGH, nr 14 - 20.
  • [8] K. Stanek. Syntetyczny wskaźnik koniunktury dla gospodarki polskiej (barometr gospodarczy koniunktury), Zeszyty Koniunktury w Gospodarce Polskiej Nr 4, 1994
  • [9] Z prac nad syntetycznymi wskaźnikami koniunktury dla gospodarki polskiej, praca zbiorowa pod red. Z. Matkowskiego, Prace i Materiały IRG SGH, nr 51, Warszawa 1997
  • [10] Złożone wskaźniki koniunktury dla gospodarki polskiej oparte na standardach UE i OECD, praca zbiorowa pod red. Z. Matkowskiego, Prace i Materiały IRG SGH, nr 61, Warszawa 1998
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.cejsh-de99558c-5285-4729-9fb6-042dd92acff6
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