PL EN


2012 | 2(205) | 9-26
Article title

Genetyzacja społeczeństwa. Społeczne konsekwencje nowej genetyki

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
Genetization of Society. Social Implications of the New Genetics
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The 20th century witnessed the emergence of a new paradigm: genetic determinism which permeates biology, medicine and Western culture. It is commonly believed that the answer to questions regarding human health, personality traits, behavior and human nature in general can be found in human genome. The paper aims to look beyond the medicalization thesis toward the process of genetisation of society. Its main tenet is that the development of new genetics transforms social relations, culture, society and politics. Therefore, the objectives of the author are: 1) to discuss the impact of the new genetics on the emergence of new expressions of personal and collective identities, new forms of biopolitics and governmentality as well as the transformation of the idea of citizenship and ethos of duty, and 2) to present a critical analysis of the discourse of the new genetics.
PL
Wiek XX był świadkiem narodzin nowego paradygmatu: genetycznego determinizmu, który przenika biologię, medycynę i kulturę Zachodu. Powszechnie uważa się, że w genach tkwi odpowiedź na pytania o ludzkie choroby, cechy osobowości i zachowania, a nawet na- turę ludzką. Tematem tekstu jest wyłaniająca się z tezy o medykalizacji życia społecznego genetyzacja społeczeństwa. Podstawowym twierdzeniem tekstu jest założenie, że rozwój no- wej genetyki przekształca relacje międzyludzkie, społeczeństwo, kulturę i politykę. Cel jest dwojaki: 1) ukazanie wpływu, jaki nowa genetyka wywiera na wyłonienie się nowych form ryzyka, etyki, indywidualnych i zbiorowych tożsamości, biopolityki i obywatelstwa oraz 2) krytyczna analiza dyskursu nowej genetyki.
Year
Issue
Pages
9-26
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Contributors
References
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bwmeta1.element.cejsh-e0897c2b-ce31-40e4-9503-64e3c99ab4f0
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