Kryzys finansowo-gospodarczy akceleratorem zmian w światowym systemie politycznym
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Financial and Economic Crisis as an Accelerator of Changes in the Global Political System
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The author of the article aims to answer a question if and to what extent the financial and economic crisis of 2008 – 2010 has influenced the lineup of political forces in the world. The research method consists in determining the relations between the dynamics and the direction of changes in the global lineup of economic forces and the global political system. The results of the conducted research confirm the rightness of the thesis that there is a varied level of influence of economic factors on the political position of states and groups of states. The latest crisis only slightly weakened the leading position of the United States in the world. It is true that a noticeable growth of countries formerly included in the co called South appeared in the global politics, but the United States still plays the role of an unquestioned leader in the world. The crisis had the biggest influence on the European countries and weakened their political position in the international politics. During the crisis, the role of China in the world politics increased considerably but it was also due to other factors that are not important any longer (the Olympic Games in Beijing, the World Expo in Shanghai). The crisis has not changed the lineup of forces in the world. Only a modification of a multi-polar system has taken place but, as before the crisis, it is led by the United States.
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