MOBILITA VYBRANÝCH JEDNOTLIVCOV POCHOVANÝCH NA KELTSKOM POHREBISKU V DUBNÍKU, OKR. NOVÉ ZÁMKY, JUHOZÁPADNÉ SLOVENSKO – PILOTNÁ ŠTÚDIA
Mobility of selected individuals buried at the Celtic cemetery in Dubník, district of Nové Zámky. A pilot study
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A pilot study for a project focused on the mobility of human individuals in a close combination of archaeology, anthropology and isotope geochemistry using strontium (87Sr/86Sr) isotope analyses. The test assemblage consists of 8 samples of human teeth and 3 samples of animal teeth from 7 inhumation graves with 8 buried human individuals, from the Celtic cemetery in Dubník, Nové Zámky district, dated to the 4th–3rd century BC (LTB1–B2). In the evaluated pilot sample, the values of three individuals – a female and a child from grave 20 and probably a young man from grave 32 – correspond to the local isotope signal of biologically available strontium. These graves do not manifest non-local characteristics in the grave-goods or the burial rite. For other three individuals buried in graves 17, 19 and 29, the measured values are close to the values given for ‘local’ individuals from burial grounds in the Middle Danube Basin. Of the eight individuals evaluated, samples of two – a male buried in grave 18 and a female buried in grave 21 – show a significant deviation from the local isotope signal. The hypothesis of their non-local origin can also be substantiated by the archaeological context – in the first case the re-opening of the grave and the intentional, apparently ritual, destruction of the grave-goods, in the second case the foreign costume of the deceased and a set of pottery vessels of foreign origin.
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