KOMPARÁCIA POVOJNOVÉHO ANTISEMITIZMU V POĽSKU A NA SLOVENSKU
Comparison of post-war Antisemitism in Poland and Slovakia
Languages of publication
A small proportion of Jews in Poland and Slovakia who survived the Holocaust was exposed to the opposition of the population remaining after the arriving to their home-town and village. In Poland there has had a place numerous pogroms, attacks of various armed gangs, collaborated with the communists and armed assaults with economic overtones. Most anti-semitic manifestations in Slovakia amounted to personal skirmishes, riots in pubs and public places, street fights, threats, slogan painting on the walls and buildings and putting up posters or anti-Jewish demonstrations. The brutal anti-Jewish manifestations in Poland has left many causalities – in estimation there have been killed 300 – 1 500 people, while in Slovakia it´s known only about 16 murders of Jews. The main cause of the anti-Semitism in Poland was the collaboration with the communist regime raised by the Soviet Union. Other reasons to hate the Jewish people were some difficult financial situation of Jewish property taken during the German occupation, complex economic and political situation in the country of the remains of war-time anti-Semitism. The same reasons have resulted in the anti-Jewish sentiments in Slovakia. However, the most important it looks to be the unresolved restitution of Jewish property. The people who have acquired that property during the war or shortly after the war didn´t want to give it up. The Jewish population in Poland responded to anti-Semitism by assimilation, or leaving the country.
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