JOZEF TISO JAKO HLAVA STÁTU A NEJVYŠŠÍ VOJENSKÝ VELITEL (OD PŘEDSEDY VLÁDY K PREZIDENTOVI)
Jozef Tiso as the head of the state and the highest commander (from the Prime Minister to President)
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In the study, the author deals with the position of J. Tiso as the Prime Minister as well as the creation of his position as the highest military commander at the time when the institutions of the newly originated Slovak Republic were constituted and their mutual relationships still were not exactly determined. The author states that during this constitutional provisional arrangement already, the function of the head of the state was personified in the personality of the Prime Minister, Jozef Tiso. The author argues convincingly that from this point of view, Tiso was accepted also as the highest military commander even prior to the adoption of the Constitution. In this context, he observes his interventions in the matters of national defence, building, personal structure and operation of the army. Logically, the greatest attention is paid to Tiso’s relationship to the Minister of National Defence, gen. Čatloš. The author states here that Tiso did not profile himself in the function of the highest commander of the Slovak military power, which was expressed in his dependence on Čatloš. According to the author, he often proceeded autonomously and had his decisions approved by the government retroactively.
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