HLAVNÉ ETAPY FORMOVANIA SYSTÉMU POLITICKÝCH STRÁN NA SLOVENSKU PO ROKU 1989
Main phases of the formation of system of political parties in Slovakia after 1989
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Evolution, crystallization of political parties and the nature of the party system play a major role in the functioning of the political system as a character of democracy and life. Especially it concerns the post-communist states after the fall of the totalitarian regime, which were forced to deal with the complex and interlaced questions of economy, law, politics and social structure. The analysis about the development of Slovakia is based on “proved“ methodological tools, such as the theory of cleavages (S. Rokkan and S. M. Lipset) and the theory of party systems (G. Sartori and J. Blondel). Nevertheless, these methods were formulated in the context of developed states of Western and Northern Europe, thus they cannot be automatically applied to the conditions of Central and Eastern European states, whose specificity was that they went through the stage of transition and transformation of economy. Our hypothesis is that these concepts can be effectively used in the analysis of Slovakian development; however, they cannot be used mechanically, but in a certain creative way which takes into account the specific conditions of the region. This approach can bring the relevant theoretical conclusions and enrich the concepts through new conclusion. According to the survey, social groups, which differ with their values, attitudes and life-style, are formed during the economic transformation and after its completion their social identity starts to formulate and also the interconnectedness with political parties appears, what can help to stabilize the party system in Slovakia.
71 – 88
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