ZUR BESIEDLUNG DER HATVAN-KULTUR IN DER SLOWAKEI
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On the settlement of the Hatvan culture in Slovakia
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The number of recorded sites of the Hatvan culture has more than doubled since their publication by T. Nešporová in 1969. The sites are concentrated in two areas – the Danube basin and the Tisa basin. The geographical unevenness of both the quality and quantity of the source area affects their theoretical assessment. Settlement structures vary according to the natural conditions and the function of the settlements. The settlement continuity and vertical stratigraphy is proved by tell settlements. The higher accumulation of sites in a relatively small area (Veľké Turovce, Malé Kosihy) allows us to consider a nest-like settlement structure. The results of aerial surveys and excavations on sites Leľa and Pavlová indicate that circular ditch structures may have been part of settlement structures of the Hatvan culture in Slovakia. In Leľa geophysical measurements the findings of aerial photographs are confirmed. Relative chronology of the development of the Hatvan culture in Slovakia is rendered mostly by field observations, which have been conducted in the western part of the settlements in Malé Kosihy and Vráble, and in the eastern part of the settlement in Včelince. The significant lower layers VI and VI of the fill of an outer ditch in Včelince represent an earlier phase of the culture on the settlement. The later phase, represented by higher layers V and IV and structures, is characterised by an intersection of Otomani-Füzesabony cultural features and by their influence on the local Hatvan culture, which is referred to as a Hatvan-Otomani horizon.
63 - 80
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