Soupis pomístních jmen na Moravě a ve Slezsku, jejich druhové znaky, příprava a koncepce lexikografického zpracování (v letech 1964-1993)
COLLECTION OF MORAVIAN AND SILESIAN ANOIKONYMS – CHARACTERISTICS OF ANOIKONYMIC CATEGORIES, PREPARATION AND CONCEPT OF LEXICOGRAPHIC PROCESSING
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Collection of Moravian and Silesian Anoikonyms – Minor Place Names, Characteristics of Anoikonymic Categories, Preparation and Concept of Lexicographic Processing (in 1964–1993) In the early sixties, a unique project (both from the organizational and scope perspectives) was started based on the decision of the Topographic Board acting under the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences – all minor place-names from across the whole Czech language-speaking territory were to be collected. For Moravia and Silesia regions, the project was executed by the Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences (Brno). Surveys and interviews were run in all municipalities with the historically proven Czech origin. The lists of minor place-names from 96 % of all municipalities, i.e. 225,000 records, were acquired. Typology approach was used to explain the available records in 34,000 dictionary entries. The project concept was based on the unified theoretical and methodological approach. The essay starts with the explanation of the project idea and related logistical provisions. Then, a general definition of the ‘minor place-name’ concept is given followed by the terminology used, by the description of the categorization and classification-related problems, and by the overview of previous researches done namely by the historians. In the next sections, the methodology of minor place-names collecting and processing (i.e. compiling alphabetical, local, object-based, retrograde catalogues), creation of dictionary entries, their types and structures, as well as that of the explanation of the minor place-names is provided. Structure-type classification of the minor place names is described. This project gave a birth to many studies in the area of the general theory of onomastics (e.g. model analysis, proprial naming act, proprial areals, etc.). Some pieces of knowledge were formulated in these studies for the first time.
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