MENTORING OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS: FUNCTIONS AND IMPORTANT CHARACTERTICS
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The term mentoring can be understood within several paradigms: the transfer of a particular set of values, skills and norms adopted by society; an interaction of experienced and less-experienced person; or, nowadays, as a learning partnership. A mentor is a person who supports the developmental progress of an adult or non-adult mentee. The aim of this contribution is to examine the current state of knowledge in the field of mentoring which is reflected in current studies describing the mentoring of university students. Studies published over the last 5 years published in the English language in the Web of Knowledge database were analysed. The studies were divided into and analyzed in three areas: mentoring focused on solving study tasks, mentoring focused on practice, and mentoring focused on students with special needs. The following subjects were explored: categories of mentoring functions in terms of behavioral interventions; the theoretical background socio-ecological and developmental approach; a focus on psychosocial mentoring or study/professional development; the implementation of mentoring programs or natural mentoring; and people in the role of mentor and their position in relation to university.
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