Ekzystentsiinyi povorot u suchasnii sotsiolohii
EXISTENTIAL TURN IN THE CONTEMPORARY SOCIOLOGY
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The author considers peculiarities of the “existential turning-point in sociology”, and in this connection he presents a conception of existential sociology of Belgian Scientist Marcel Boll de Ball stated in a form of the interview. Main principles of Boll de Ball’s existential sociology are discussed: existential sociology as the fundamental theory; “reliance” as the central notion (conception); study-action as a fundamental method of research; “socio-analysis” as the fundamental practice for sociologists; pluralism of models in sociology; clinical and applied sociology as a promising field of investigation, actions and teaching. Besides, general scientific problems of sociologic existentialism are distinguished which can become a reference-point for further empirical and applied investigations. Birth and bioethics, vital development, love as a social phenomenon, etc. In conclusion it is noticed that M. Boll de Bal’s existential sociology may become one of the key elements of the system unification of separate trends of existential-sociological thought.
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