Legenda o putování Panny Marie, zázračném uzdravení dítěte a kajícím kováři v obřadním zpěvu 19. – 21. století jako fenomén středoevropského kulturního společenství
A LEGEND ON PEREGRINATION OF THE VIRGIN MARY, MIRACULOUS RECOVERY OF A C HILD AND REPENTANT SMITH IN CEREMONIAL SINGING IN THE 19TH – 21ST CENTURIES AS A PHENOMENA OF CENTRAL-EUROPEAN CULTURAL COMMONS
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The legendic song on the Virgin Mary and a smith develops within the context of looking for an accommodation and Jesus birth in Bethlehem. It has been documented as an oral tradition since 1843 and it constitutes a Central-European song type that can be found in Bohemian, Silesian, Polish, Slovakian, Hungarian, and Ukrainian variations. The study submits the first results of the comparison of songs from hand-written and printed sources, from the text and melody point of views. A song is not connected with a place of pilgrimage. Its lifetime is supported by the tradition (Nativity Scenes, Christmas and Easter carolling, religious services venerating the Virgin Mary) and the printed media (school reading book, printed broadside ballads). The legend as a carol presents a genre of the Western-Slavic folklore called “the Marian carol”. The song has several melodies. The enclosed musical notation shows the common Bohemian-Moravian-Silesian-Polish-Slovenian song type, which has been the tradition bearer from 1845 until today. The author documents also the relations between the spiritual song and the secular dance melody. The legend as a song type covers a certain part of the Christian West, touching the Greek-Catholic region in Ukraine. Although it includes some fragments of the late-medieval passion (the Virgin Mary and the smith) and apocrypha from Jesus´ childhood (the healed hand), the Czech wording of the song can be documented at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries. The Central-European theme “the Virgin Mary and a smith” has a thought parallel in the theme “the Virgin Mary and a ferryman” developed by the Slovenian and Croatian songs. Both types include the motif of the sinner’s conversion through the miraculous rescue of the Child, mediated by the Virgin Mary. It is one of the pictures portraying the task of the Mother of God of Perpetual Help in folk songs.
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