A MANAGER ́S SELF-CONCEPT IN THE CONTEXT OF THEIR LEADERSHIP STYLE WITHIN MCGREGOR ́S THEORY
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The aim of the present study is to examine a manager ́s self-concept as a potential source of their leadership philosophy. The research study is focused on the verification of the relationship between particular aspects of a manager ́s self-concept (especially self-esteem and self-efficacy) and of their employee s ́ leadership style in the context of theory X/Y. On the basis of previous research results (e.g., Wood and Bandura, 1989; Whitney, 1990; McCormick et al., 2002; Wang, 2010; Ahn et al., 2016) and theoretical outcomes, we presuppose the relationship between a manager ́s attitude to themselves and their attitude to the employees. McGregor ́s theory is still relevant more than 50 years after its publication because it has a solid foundation (Kristensen, 2015). Although empirical studies examining the theory X and Y managerial assumptions in a work environment were very scarce for a long time, in recent years there have been several research studies examining the effect of leader ́s X/Y managerial assumptions on follower ́s attitudes and behaviours (e.g. Gurbuz et al, 2014, Lawter et al, 2015). However, we are more interested in the individual leader ́s self-concept in respect to the preferred leadership philosophy. The analysed self-concept (consisting of two aspects: self-esteem /AM=34.14; SD=3.62/and self-efficacy /AM= 33.81; SD=3.75/) and manager ́s leadership styles (attitude X: AM= 35.43; SD=5.59; attitude Y: AM= 34.47; SD=4.85) were basic variables of this research study. To estimate the presupposed correlations between chosen aspects of a manager ́s self-concept (respectively self-esteem and self-efficacy), and a managerial attitude, Spearman correlation coefficients (using McGregor ́s theory) were calculated. By means of correlation analysis we found a positive, moderate, statistically-significant correlation between self-esteem and managerial attitude Y (.311, p≤.01). Referring to statistical correlation analysis we can conclude there is no correlation between perceived manager ́s self-efficacy and their managerial attitude in the sense of theory X/Y.
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