Globalizacja i glokalizacja religii bon na przykladzie spolecznosci Ligmincha w Stanach Zjednoczonych i Polsce
GLOBALISATION AND GLOCALISATION OF THE BON RELIGION AS EXEMPLIFIED BY THE LIGMINCHA COMMUNITY IN THE UNITED STATES AND POLAND
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The article discusses the Tibetan bon religion, which is becoming popular in the West. Differences and similarities of two bon communities established by Tenzin Wangyal from Tibet are discussed – the Ligmincha Institute in the United States of America and Garuda Association in Poland. They are the result of the globalisation of the bon religion and different processes of its glocalisation in different socio-cultural contexts. The problems discussed are connected with the transcultural character of broadly understood Buddhism, including the Tibetan bon religion, and the appearance and development of this new religious movement in Western culture and society. The author analyses the organisation and functioning of the Ligmincha communities, their relations with the religious motherland and trans-Buddhism as a cultural phenomenon. The article is based on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Poland, India and the United States.
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