Etniczna samoidentyfikacja Buriatów w kontekście cywilizacyjnym
BURYATS’ SELF-IDENTIFICATION IN THE CIVILIZATIONAL CONTEXT
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In the globalization era the problem of social interactions — especially of creating collective forms of social identities — has become particularly distinct. Buryats’cultural and national revival in the late 20th century referred to their past and attempted to base on the authority of tradition and history. The choice of traditional forms of self-identification made by contemporary Buryats depended on the latter’s — or to be exact their leaders’ — interests. The turn towards the former models of Buryat ethnic identity, which can be revealed while analyzing Buryat chronicles, is one of the keys to understanding contemporary Buryat identity practices. Studying the tradition of Buryat selfconsciousness reflected in chronicles proves fruitful from the perspective of a diachronic analysis. It enables a researcher to demonstrate new types of Buryats’ hierarchic ethnic-identity structure influenced by the 20th-century reality (especially among the Buryat diaspora groups in Inner Mongolia, PRC, and the Republic of Mongolia).
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