KALENDÁROVÁ POÉZIA JURAJA PALKOVIČA A RUDO BRTÁŇ
Calendar poetry by Juraj Palkovič and Rudo Brtáň
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The goal of the paper is to explore the forms of calendar poetry written by Juraj Palkovič (1769 – 1850) and to assess the reliability of the related research conclusions drawn by Rudo Brtáň (1907 – 1998). The starting point is Palkovič´s calendar edition Větší a zvláštnější nový i starý kalendář/A bigger and more interesting new and old calendar/, the individual editions of which had more or less permanent poetic sections in it: in the calendar part so-called poems under the months, in the weather lore poems related to the season and in the insert of the calendar so-called humorous „fairy-tales“. Although the texts in question were analysed by several researchers, in particular by Rudo Brtáň, the existing findings and conclusions require at least verification, further expansion or, if necessary, corrections. The paper focuses on the thematic and motivic, rhetoric and poetic and prosodic aspects of the original texts and offers complex processing of them in the scope of all the editions of the calendar (1805 – 1848). From the viewpoint of prosody, poetology and textology (the issue of the author attribution) the paper pays attention to Classicisism or Roccoco style poems about four seasons. The poems under the months are used to study the development of Palkovič´s creative personality. It takes notice of the dynamics of the themes, the rhetoric, poetic and prosodic aspects. The literary motifs monitored throughout Palkovič´s calendar poetry include the motif of a woman and the motif of alcohol. The conclusions show that the results of Brtáň´s research in this area are still valuable, although rather selectively. They are invaluable for contemporary researchers when trying to orient themselves in the wide resource base, however, it shows that the original texts require new complex reading, which raises a number of questions still unanswered.
368 – 383
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