Sacrum i polityka. Uwagi o elementach teologii politycznej u E. Burke’a i E. Voegelina
SACRUM AND POLITICS. REMARKS ON THE ELEMENTS OF POLITICAL THEOLOGY IN E. BURKE AND E. VOEGELIN
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An important issue arising with regard to the relationship between politics and religion is the question: on what the authority of secularized political power is based? Already in XVIII century E. Burke, with a clear consciousness of the process of power secularization in the context of anticipated terror in post-Revolution France, did realize that a legitimization of power referring directly to material interests or violence is extraordinarily weak. He also grasped the role of the myths and manipulations, which are very useful for power-holders seeking popular legitimization. On the other hand, Eric Voegelin, who witnessed magical rituals and bloody violence of the Nazis in the '30ies of the XX century understood earlier than other political philosophers, that in the basis of totalitarian ideologies there are a sort of quasi-religious praxis and a kind of political gnosis. Yet, in the last decades there have been ever more noticeable attempts to produce a kind of so-called civic political theology, which sets aside inherited Christian contents and effectively eliminates the experience of sacrum. Both authors hold that such processes are dangerous and have negative consequences.
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